六重戒之杀戒与盗戒—万佛圣城在家菩萨戒手册(中英双语版)

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在家菩萨戒本

BODHISATTVA PRECEPTS FOR LAYPEOPLE

(依《优婆塞戒经》〈受戒品〉及蕅益大师所编之戒本录出)

Adapted from the Chapter on Receiving the Precepts intheSutra of the Upasaka Preceptsand thePrecept Handbookcompiled by Great Master Ou Yi

六重戒

I.THE SIX MAJOR PRECEPTS

杀戒第一

1.The First Major Precept: The Precept against Killing

善男子。优婆塞(夷)戒。虽为身命。乃至蚁子。悉不应杀。若受戒已。若口教授。若身自杀。是人即失优婆塞(夷)戒。是人尚不能得煖法。况须陀洹。至阿那含。是名破戒优婆塞(夷)。臭优婆塞(夷)。旃陀罗优婆塞(夷)。垢优婆塞(夷)。结优婆塞(夷)。是名初重。

[Shakyamuni Buddha, addressing the elder’s son Wholesome Birth:]

Good man! In accordance with the Upasaka/Upasika Precepts, even for the sake of sustaining our own body or life, we should refrain from any form of killing, up to and including killing an ant. If, after having received this Precept, we encourage or verbally instruct others to kill, commit an act of killing, or commit suicide, we thereupon lose this Upasaka/Upasika Precept.

Such a person cannot even attain the Dharma of the Level of Heat much less the Fruition of Shrotaapanna, up to and including the Fruition of Anagamin.

Such a person is called a Precept-breaking Upasaka/Upasika, a despicable Upasaka/Upasika, an outcast, a defiled Upasaka/Upasika, and an Upasaka/Upasika in bondage. This is the First Major Precept.

盗戒第二

2.The Second Major Precept: The Precept against Stealing

善男子。优婆塞(夷)戒。虽为身命不得偷盗。乃至一钱。若破是戒。是人即失优婆塞(夷)戒。是人尚不能得煖法。况须陀洹。至阿那含。是名破戒优婆塞(夷)。臭优婆塞(夷)。旃陀罗优婆塞(夷)。垢优婆塞(夷)。结优婆塞(夷)。是名二重。

In accordance with the Upasaka/Upasika Precepts, even for the sake of sustaining our own body or life, we should not steal—not even one cent. In the case where this Precept is breached, the violator thereupon loses this Upasaka/Upasika Precept.

Such a person cannot even attain the Dharma of the Level of Heat, much less the Fruition of Shrotaapanna, up to and including the Fruition of Anagamin.

Such a person is called a Precept-breaking Upasaka/Upasika, a despicable Upasaka/Upasika, an outcast, a defiled Upasaka/Upasika, and an Upasaka/Upasika in bondage. This is the Second Major Precept.

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